*: Corresponding author, Underline: Lab members, IF: Impact Factor (> 5)

H. Kashani, W. Choi, C. Kim, R. Berlia, J. Rajagopalan and W. Kang*, Integration of an axially continuous graphene with functional metals for high-temperature electrical conductors, Advanced Functional Materials, 2023 (submitted the 3rd revision, IF: 19.9). 

M. Robitaille, C. Kim, J. Christodoulides, P. Calhoun, W. Kang, J. Byers and M. Raphael, Topographical depth reveals curvature-dependent contact guidance mechanisms in fibroblasts, 2023 (under review).

C. Kim, M. Robitaille, J. Christodoulides, Y. Ng, M. Raphael, and W. Kang*, Hs27 Fibroblast Response to Contact Guidance Cues, 2023 (under review).


Y. Choi+, W. Kang, J. Moon, and C. Kim*, Optimum design of sandwich composite structures under various dynamic loads using the equivalent static load method, 298, 15, Composite Structures, 2022 (Link)(+: a visiting MS student, IF: 6.6).

W. J. Choi, M. J. Kulak, C. Kim, E. J. Payton, C. Rudolf, and W. Kang*, Electro-thermo-mechanical characterization of microscale Ti-6Al-4V wires using an innovative experimental method, 188 (111927), Materials Characterization, 2022 (Link).

C. Kim, W. Choi, and W. Kang*, Cavitation nucleation and its ductile-to-brittle shape transition in soft gels under translational mechanical impact, 142(1), 160-173, Acta Biomaterialia, 2022 (Link)(IF: 9.0).


H. Kashani, C. Kim, K. Perkins, C. Rudolf, and W. Kang*, An Axially Continuous Graphene-Copper Wire for High Power Transmission: Thermo-electrical characterization and mechanisms, 2104208, Advanced Materials, 2021, (Link)(Featured as a front cover article, Highlighted in The Graphene Council and ASU News, FullCircle, and Alumni, IF: 30.9).

C. Kim, W. Choi, Y. Ng, and W. Kang*, Mechanically Induced Cavitation in Biological Systems, 11, 546, Life, 2021 (an invited paper, Link).

C. Rudolf, R. Goswami, W. Kang, and J. Thomas, Effects of Electric Current on the Plastic Deformation Behavior of Pure Copper, Iron, and Titanium, Vol 209, 1, 116776, Acta Materialia, 2021 (Link)

F. Hasan,  K. Mahmud,  M. Khan, W. Kang, and  A. Ashfaq, Effect of Random Fiber Network on the Bubble Growth in Gelatin Hydrogel, 17, 9293, Soft Matter, 2021 (Link).

W. Kang*, M. Robitaille, M. Merrill, K. Teferra, C. Kim, and M. P. Raphael, Mechanisms of Cell Damage due to Mechanical Impact: an In Vitro Investigation, 10, 12009, Scientific Reports, 2020 (Link).

M.C. Robitaille, J. Christodoulides, J. Liu, W. Kang, J. Byers, and M.P. Raphael, The Problem of Diminished cRGD Surface Activity and What Can Be Done About It, 12, 19337−19344, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2020 (Link) (IF: 8.456).

M.C. Robitaille, J. Christodoulides, J. Liu, W. Kang, J. Byers, K. Doctor, D. Kozak and M.P. Raphael, Monolithic quartz platform for cellular contact guidance, 10, 242-251, MRS Communications, 2020 (Link).

M. Raphael and W. Kang, In vitro characterization of cell injury due to mechanical blunt, US Patent application filed (U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/890,108), Aug. 2020

C. Rudolf and W. Kang, 3D Printed Mechanical Testing Device for Micro-Scale Material Specimens, US Patent application filed.

Before Joining ASU

W. Kang* and M. Raphael, Acceleration-induced pressure gradients and cavitation in soft biomaterials, 8, 15840, Scientific Reports, 2018 (Link) (2019 Technical Publication Competition Award).

W. Kang*, A. Adnan, T. O’Shaughnessy, and A. Bagchi, Experiment and Mechanism for Cavitation Nucleation in Soft Materials, 67, 295-306, Acta Biomaterialia, 2018 (Link), (Technical Publication Competition Award and Best Poster Award , IF: 6.8).

W. Kang*, M. Merrill, and J. Wheeler, In Situ Thermomechanical Testing Methods for Micro/Nano-Scale Materials, 9 (8), 2666-2688, Nanoscale, 2017 (Link), (Featured as the cover article, IF: 7.9).

W. Kang*, YC Chen, A. Bagchi, and T. O’Shaughnessy, Characterization and non-optical detection of cavitation in soft materials using a drop-tower-based integrated system, Review of Scientific Instruments, 2017 (Link).

R. Reid+, A. Pique, and W. Kang*, A Novel Method for In Situ Electro-Mechanical Characterization of Nanoscale Specimens, DOI: 10.3791/55735, JoVE, 2017 (Link).

W. Kang, R. McNaughton, and H. Espinosa, In Vitro Micro- and Nano-scale Technologies for Delivery into Adherent Cells, 34 (8), 665–678, Trends in Biotechnology, 2016 (Link), (Highlighted in, IF: 12.1).

W. Kang*, I. Beniam, and S. Qidwai, In situ electron microscopy studies of electro-mechanical behavior in nanoscale metals using a novel microdevice-based method, 87, 095001, Review of Scientific Instruments, 2016 (Link).

S. Nathamgari, B. Dong, F. Zhou, W. Kang, J. Giraldo-Vela, T. McGuire, R. McNaughton, C. Sun, J. Kessler, H. Espinosa, Isolating single cells in a neurosphere assay using inertial microfluidics, 15 (24), 4591-4597, Lab on a Chip, 2015 (Link) (Highlighted in Science Daily, nanowerk, Biology News Net, Science Newsline, EurekAlert,, IF: 5.8).

J. Giraldo-Vela, W. Kang, R. McNaughton, A. Chen, A. Tsourkas, and H. Espinosa, Single Cell Detection of mRNA Expression Using Nanofountain Probe Electroporated Molecular Beacons, 11 (20), 2386-2391, Small, 2015 (Link), (Featured as the cover article, IF: 8.4).

W. Kang, J. Giraldo-Vela, S. Nathamgari, T. McGuire, R. McNaughton, J. Kessler, and H. Espinosa, Transfection of Postmitotic Neurons Using a Microfluidic Localized Electroporation Device, 14(23), 4486-4495, Lab on a Chip, 2014 (Link), (Featured as the inside back cover, Highlighted in ScienceDaily, EurekAlert, Phys.Org, etc, IF: 5.8).

W. Kang, R. McNaughton, F. Yavari, M. Minary-Jolandan, A. Safi, and H. Espinosa, Microfluidic Parallel Patterning and Cellular Delivery of Molecules with a Nanofountain Probe, 19(1), 100-109, Journal of Laboratory Automation, 2014 (Link).

W. Kang, F. Yavari, M. Minary-Jolandan, J. Giraldo-Vela, A. Safi, R. McNaughton, V. Parpoil, H. Espinosa, Nanofountain Probe Electroporation (NFP-E) of Single Cells, 13(6), 2448-2457, Nano Letters, 2013 (Link), (Best Poster Award, Highlighted in ScienceDaily, Bio-Medicine, Technology Network, FierceDrugDelivery, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, etc, IF 14.9).

W. Kang and T. Saif, Size and Temperature Effect on Brittle-to-Ductile Transition in Single Crystal Silicon, 23(6), 713-719, Advanced Functional Materials, 2013 (Link) (IF: 11.8).

A. Safi, W. Kang, D. Czapleski, N. Moldovan, and H. Espinosa, Optimized Nanofountain Probes Geometry and Microfabrication Throughput for Large-Scale Nanopatterning, 23(12), 125014, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2013 (Link)

W. Kang and T. Saif, A SiC MEMS Apparatus for In Situ Uniaxial Testing of Micro/Nanomaterials at High Temperature, 21(10), 105017, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2011 (Link), (IOP Select Paper).

W. Kang and T. Saif, In Situ Thermo-Mechanical Testing for Micro/Nanomaterials, 1(1), 13-16, MRS Communications, 2011 (Link).

R. Reinke, H. Dankowicz, J. Phelan, and W. Kang, A Dynamic Grain Flow Model for a Mass Flow Yield Sensor on a Combine, 12(5), 732-749, Journal of Precision Agriculture, 2011 (Link).

W. Kang, J. Han and T. Saif, A Novel Method for In Situ Uniaxial Tests at the Micro/Nano Scale–Part II: Experiment, 19(6), 1322-1330, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2010 (Link).

W. Kang and T. Saif, A Novel Method for In Situ Uniaxial Tests at the Micro/Nano Scale–Part I: Theory, 19(6), 1309-1321, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2010 (Link).

W. Kang, J. Rajagopalan, and T. Saif, In situ uniaxial mechanical testing of small scale materials – a review, 2(4), 282-287, Nanoscience and Nanotechnoloy Letters, 2010 (Link).

W. Kang, P. Thota, B. Wilcox, and H. Dankowicz, Bifurcation Analysis of a Microactuator Using a New Toolbox for Continuation of Hybrid System Trajectories, 4(1), 0110091-8, Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics, 2009 (Link), (Top 10 Most Downloaded Articles – December 2008).

W. Kang, J. A. Turner, F. Bobaru, L. Yang, and K. Rattanadit, Granular Layers on Vibrating Plates: Effective Bending Stiffness and Particle-Size Effect, 121(2), 888-896, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2007 (Link).